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Monday, April 8, 2024Regulation

Triphenyl Phosphate: preliminary Opinion of the SCCS

Triphenyl phosphate : Opinion préliminaire du CSSC

Following the mandate given by the European Commission to the SCCS, in the framework of the evaluation of ingredients listed as endocrine disruptors, the Scientific Committee has just published its preliminary Opinion on the safety of Triphenyl Phosphate. It is open for comments until 2 June 2024.

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Background

Triphenyl Phosphate (or TPP) (CAS No.204-112-2, EC No.115-86-6) is used to soften or make supple various synthetic polymers, including in nail polishes, enamels, or manicuring preparations.
It is not currently regulated under the Cosmetics Regulation (EC) No.1223/2009.

For an exhaustive background information, see the article
Benzophenone-4, Benzophenone-1, Triphenyl Phosphate: requests for Opinions to the SCCS, CosmeticOBS, 24 April 2023

Opinion

1. In light of the data provided and taking under consideration the concerns related to potential endocrine disrupting properties of Triphenyl Phosphate, does the SCCS consider Triphenyl Phosphate safe when used as a plasticiser in nail products up to a maximum concentration of 5%?

Based on the currently available information, it is not possible for the SCCS to conclude on the safety of Triphenyl Phosphate because the genotoxicity potential cannot be excluded.

2. Alternatively, what is according to the SCCS the maximum concentration considered safe for use of Triphenyl Phosphate in nail products?

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3. Does the SCCS have any further scientific concerns with regard to the use of Triphenyl Phosphate in nail products?

The SCCS mandates do not address environmental aspects. Therefore, this assessment did not cover the safety of Triphenyl Phosphate for the environment.

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